The death of Polonius in act 3, which breaks the tension that has built up, is Hamlet’s first peak. The tragedy’s final climax is the battle at the play’s conclusion. A significant amount of characters are killed during it, bringing to a close the work’s global conflict.
Hamlet is a tragic play by William Shakespeare considered one of the world’s most famous tragedies. It generates a slew of eternal arguments and leaves many issues unresolved.
Hamlet is a difficult play to comprehend, but you can make it simpler with some analysis. Pay attention to the tragedy’s key moments, which are its conclusion, in order to simplify it.
Hamlet is one of Shakespeare’s most distinctive works. It has two climaxes in place of the usual single climax. The complexity of the storyline is to blame for this. The climax isn’t only found in the conclusion; it’s also present in Hamlet’s fight’s high point.
Polonius’ death is the catalyst for all that happens in the play, including Hamlet’s journey to Denmark and his uncle Claudius’ rise to power. While he didn’t intend to kill Polonius, circumstances drove him down a new path. He was forced to take a different route by an unforeseen event.
Hamlet was not a murderer until the action took place when one of the characters was murdered. Hamlet might be characterized as a thinker, a humanist, but not a murderer before this time. However, after the development, readers were compelled to witness one of the characters’ demise.
Hamlet had enough resolve and willpower to seek vengeance for his father’s death, according to readers. He developed retaliatory plans against the perpetrator. Since the book’s beginning, there has been tremendous tension in this novel.
The murderer’s hatred, however, is directed at an innocent individual, Polonius (not Claudius or Gertrude). Hamlet’s first homicide alters both himself and everyone around him. The death of Polonius initiates a chain of new events. It fosters Hamlet’s uncertainty, results in Ophelia’s death, and forces Laertes’ brother, Laertes (not Claudius or Gertrude), against him.
For a while, the narrative’s speed drops. The tension builds to the final scene at this stage. The events in between the third and fifth acts are intended to elicit debates in readers’ minds. However, the protagonist’s actions start to have an impact. Polonius’ death begins to have an influence on all of the other characters in the tragedy gradually.
Claudius, alone, and later together with Ophelia’s brother, make preparations to murder Hamlet. They fail one by one until the main character survives. The suspense builds up to the final scene, which is expected to resolve everything once and for all.
The final duel between Hamlet and Laertes is the second climax of the tragedy. This battle was supposed to come to a close with the assured death of the main character, according to Claudius.
Everything isn’t going as planned, however, because Hamlet’s poisoned dagger pierces him and his opponent. Gertrude, Hamlet’s mother, mistakenly drinks a poisoned cup. With all of his plans laid bare at the last moment, Hamlet completes his vendetta by defeating Claudius.
Although the result is still unsatisfactory, it does not come as a surprise. Toward the conclusion of the play, the narrative and the characters’ lives fade away. Horatio, Hamlet’s buddy who is supposed to inform others about the tragedy, remains alive at the end of act 5. Instead of ending one life, four people’s lives are broken off in act 5 due to tension generated in act 3.
The Climax When Hamlet stabs Polonius through the arras in Act III, scene iv, he is committed to violently committing himself to action and must confront the king head-on. Another possible climax may be found at the end of Act IV, scene iv, when Hamlet vows to give his total dedication to violent retaliation.
I’ve noticed that Shakespeare’s tragic dramas frequently feature two climactic acts: one tragic turning point at which the play must, from there on, end in tragedy, and then the ultimate terrible turning point where the fate of that deadly ending is played out and revealed.
The first climax in Hamlet occurs at the death of Polonius, who is murdered by Claudius in Act 3 Scene 4. Everything leading up to that was building up to a climactic violent action that was tragically misdirected towards the incorrect character.
Blood has been shed, and Elizabethan tragedy’s rules demand that blood be repaid with blood. The importance of Hamlet’s task to avenge his father’s murder has grown considerably.
The Act 5 Scene 2 final massacre is the second climax. Claudius and Laertes’ plot to poison Hamlet has gone horribly wrong, with Hamlet killing both Claudius and Laertes as well as Gertrude in his dying moments.
All evildoers have been slain, restoring order (with some tragic side effects). When Hamlet is killed, the curtain comes down rapidly, and all we need now is Fortinbras’ part in the denouement of Elsinore to complete the tale.
Tragedy’s most famous play, Hamlet (1601), also follows this structure. Look at how Mercutio is killed in Romeo and Juliet as the first climax, or how Duncan dies in Macbeth and Macbeth’s death at the conclusion of the drama.
It’s not difficult to identify a tragedy’s climax. In tragedy, it is often a climactic death or revelation. A modern theatre usually reaches its conclusion around here. It is the point of the play where there is no going back and most of the play’s momentum continues forward.