Hamlet is a perplexing play because it deals with madness. Hamlet tries to deceive people into believing he is harmless by pretending to be insane. However, as he plots his revenge, Hamlet’s perspective on reality begins to fade. He starts acting strange and involuntary. It turns out that his mind contains problems that are much more significant than he thinks.
A problem play is a special sort of drama that differs from the one created in the 19th century. It’s also known as a Shakespearean problem play. It has a distinct tone and features. According to Shakespeare’s Problem Plays, Shakespeare’s works cannot be classified as “pure tragedy” or “pure comedy.” Their endings are not happy, but their stories do not include tragic elements. A character may appear in a problem play who has ventured down a dark path.
The tragedy is a type of drama that Britannica describes as a branch of tragedy. It is associated with “dire or tragic events encountered or caused” by the main protagonist. This form of theater has a long and illustrious history, dating back to ancient Greece. It frequently explores psychological themes and considers the question of existence. As a problem play, it may include elements of darkness. However, it is typically more violent and sadistic in nature.
Hamlet unquestionably has elements of a tragedy. Tragedy can be defined as the occurrence of several tragic events, such as the protagonist’s death, during the tale. Hamlet is also called a revenge tragedy. It was popular in Elizabethan and Jacobean times when the play was written and developed. The primary character in this subgenre seeks vengeance.
The desire may stay in the hero’s thoughts or lead to real deeds as the narrative progresses. The drama powerfully conveys the idea of revenge. Hamlet desires to murder Claudius because he murdered his father, but he ends up murdering numerous people and committing suicide himself.
There is no doubt that Hamlet is a problem play. The reader sees the character who isn’t tragic in the normal sense but descends into darkness. To deceive Claudius, Hamlet pretends to be insane.
However, his control over himself and reality begins to slip away later. His madness fades away as a pretense, evidenced by his violent outbursts. Polonius’ death is accidental; he never feels guilty about it. The setting is also gloomy: one scene takes place at night, and others occur during the nighttime. Throughout the play, there’s an anxious feeling in the air.
Shakespeare focuses on a variety of spiritual and emotional issues. He does not, however, offer any solutions in his play. According to the Introduction to Hamlet essay, the protagonist is always perplexed. He tries to “discover the truth amid a sea of lies.”
However, he isn’t able to resolve his problems. In Hamlet, the attention is shifted away from physical and psychological concerns in order for audiences to consider them. It makes the play seem more like real life, where no one responds directly to anyone else. Hamlet’s death serves as a reminder that he was unable to cure his madness and perplexity.
Hamlet is a perplexing play and one of its themes is madness. He begins by appearing insane in order to deceive others into thinking he is harmless while investigating his father’s death and Claudius’ involvement. However, his conduct becomes a problem later on, and it appears that he loses touch with reality. When overwhelmed by physical agony, Hamlet demonstrates that he has deeper-rooted issues than just acting insane.
Hamlet is a tragedy because Hamlet is a rebel who loses his struggle for power. According to the idea of The Revolutionary Cycle, a comedy has rebels that win and a tragedy has rebels that lose. Richard III loses, as do the dissidents in Julius Caesar. Hamlet also loses.
Critics have identified another frequent theme in Shakespeare’s writings, which is the role of the outsider as a deconstructive force affecting society. Othello is an example of one, while Hamlet is an illustration of the influence of the outcast.
Allow me to further clarify that. When Hamlet returns home, he discovers that he is the only one who is still grieved over his father’s death. Everyone else appears to be satisfied with how things are and has moved on. The king is dead; long live the king! His mother has married Claudius and she appears to be very happy. The kingdom continues to develop, and no one wants to speak of their father any longer.
That’s ancient history to them, but he’s thinking about nothing else while on his way home from school. Given that he has had little to divert him along the road, he gets there and finds that his worries are old news to those at home, making him an outsider to them.
Hamlet is the only one his father’s ghost speaks with about what has occurred. The notion of walking spirits was well-known to the Elizabethan audience. They can be found in Julius Caesar and Macbeth as well. Despite the fact that other individuals have seen the ghost and informed Hamlet about it, he is the only one who can hear it, giving him all of the information regarding his death at the hands of his brother.
It was typical for individuals living than to have had ear infections, which resulted in their eardrums staying open, allowing the poison to enter their bodies. Hamlet takes on his role as an outsider who sees wrongdoing and has a duty to right it, but he pays a steep price for it by sacrificing everything that he may have if he simply went along with the program his mother, uncle, and (by association) everyone else is willing to accept as normal.
It’s possible that the ghost is the one who appears to be most content at the conclusion of the play. Of course, because his son does not rise to take his place, the ghost’s satisfaction is imperfect. It would appear reasonable to assume that the ghost wants this, but he simply speaks about Revenge and nothing about what will happen after it is obtained.
The ghost says that Hamlet should leave Gertrude’s sentence to him, but he won’t get what he wants unless he participates in her drinking the poison. The play gives us a character whose fate appears rather clearly defined until everything and anything gets in the way. The more convinced the audience is that Hamlet’s journey is correct, the greater the conflict created by the complications.
The scene where Hamlet receives his father’s letter establishes the character traits of distrust, secrecy, and violation. It follows that Hamlet does not trust anyone else with his secrets since his uncle and mother have betrayed him and his father.
The courtiers are following protocol by obeying the new king’s command. Polonius is a dissembling hypocrite when it comes to dealing with his own children. When it comes to having and keeping power or control, no one else seems to value personal interactions. Shakespeare wrote other plays reflecting this trend in Elizabethan society. They would have felt for him if they saw what was happening to him.
When people discover the truth but are unable to do anything about it, they become frustrated. They want straightforward and direct replies. When they don’t get them, they want someone to pay for them. Hamlet’s blunders and missteps make us wish he would suffer; at the same time, however, they allow forgiveness in a heated moment. Shakespeare demonstrates that revenge is not as simple as we think it is.
In many ways, the king’s life is the kingdom’s life, and what happens to him affects a lot more people whose lives have worth. While this tale has been told numerous times, Shakespeare manages to tell it in his own way and it comes across as a tragedy for all of the losses that result in no apparent gain. The expense he is required to pay and others are required to pay are far too high for such a weak benefit.