How Did F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Novel “The Great Gatsby” Reflect the Culture of the 1920s?

The Great Gatsby perfectly reflected the culture of the 1920s. Author F. Scott Fitzgerald’s work captured the essence of high society in America at that time, specifically through his characteristic use of symbolism and characterization.

In the narrative, social dissolution is caused by general development. In historical terms, it was initiated by the industrial revolution.

The ambiance was set by Gatsby, Daisy, Tom Buchanan, and Jordan Baker, who spend their days partying on Long Island; drinking wine imported from France; dipping their exquisite (and expensive) cigarettes in gold leaf; discussing books like War-Time Wedding Parties (which sold for twenty dollars); smoking Cuban cigars; driving racing cars at unbelievable speeds along winding roads lined with old trees to stay awake while they go exploring during an all too brief summer, or playing golf literally all day long down impeccably manicured greens.

Set in 1922, four years after the conclusion of World War I, the book chronicles how that conflict had transformed American society. The war destroyed Europe and established the United States as the world’s leading superpower. From 1920 to 1929, America enjoyed an economic boom, with steadily increasing income levels, company development, construction, and stock market trading.


Francis Fitzgerald is one of the most well-known writers in the United States. The vast majority of his work focuses on the jazz period. The author himself coined this phrase. The tale captured the joyful decade of 1920s America. It was an era when people were optimistic and carefree before society began to fall apart due to economic hardship and political upheaval. People rebelled against old norms and customs.

The music known as “jazz” arose from this upheaval, replacing it with frantic and temperamental music that had no ethics or moral standards at all.”The Great Gatsby” depicts cultural degeneration through its characters, who have no principles.

In the novel, the 1920s are represented as the “Roaring Twenties.” The prosperity of the nation brought it about. Inequality in wealth also grew with this increase in prosperity. Throughout the narrative, you can sense a growing disparity between rich and poor characters. F. Scott Fitzgerald depicts the 1920s through interactions among high-class and low-class people. The former’s attitude is less appealing. Low-class individuals aren’t held to any sort of ethical code, and they perform a variety of questionable acts.

The country’s economic success in the novel indicates that most Americans did not profit from it. The wealthy only got richer. People were forced to deal with similar problems, such as scarcity of resources, debt, and unemployment. As a result, this work incorporates several themes, but the most important is how people are unequally positioned in society.

When Jay Gatsby and Daisy were teenagers, they fell in love. She was the daughter of a wealthy family, whereas he came from a poor background. They couldn’t be together since everyone opposed it. The writer discusses the issue of unethical ties between rich and poor individuals. Pricing tags shape a person’s viewpoint in their environment. It causes people to make errors that are important to society as a whole

Furthermore, F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby captured the dreamlike quality of culture. When Daisy leaves Jay Gatsby, he never stops yearning for her return. There would be a fortune strewn behind him, and she, recognizing their common feelings, would return to him. However, it must be stated that this was simply an illusion.

Gatsby wanted to show the world that he was worth her attention. It was a goal that never became completed, and it blossomed into a burning desire. On the one hand, it’s remarkable that Gats has done so well in life and become so wealthy. On the other hand, he never developed his true self.

Gatsby lived for Daisy exclusively. In the end, when he arrived at her doorstep, time had altered him. He remained the person others thought of as an outcast and a pauper in his heart. As a result, the characters’ lack of morality is due to their deluded thinking.

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