The versions of 1818 and 1831 are somewhat different in many ways, one of which is the number of chapters. The new version features a new narrative about Elizabeth and significant modifications to the structure of the story.
Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is often categorized as a gothic horror novel, but it is also considered to be a science fiction work. The 1818 and 1831 versions are the two most common versions of Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein.
They’re somewhat different owing to Shelley’s criticism of her work. The first printing was the original version. In order to improve the narrative structure and character portrayals in the second edition, Shelley changed the plot structure and characters, which is why it is now regarded as the premier edition.
The most apparent shift is the expansion of the first chapter. The introduction is expanded and divided into two sections, making the book 24 chapters long. Another modification was made to Elizabeth’s backstory. Victor Frankenstein’s beloved one in the original was his cousin, which sparked debates in literary circles. Elizabeth became an adopted sister in the following edition.
Shelley attempted to defend herself. She added more character explanations and clarified Victor’s behaviors. The tone and themes of the story were changed as a result of all the modifications.
Victor was originally shown to be vain in the face of natural laws in Frankenstein. He was an obsessed scientist who suffered from his research. In the following edition, according to Edward James, Frankenstein becomes a tragic hero. He is now a victim of fate, having witnessed the death of his loved ones.
Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus included 23 chapters in its original 1818 edition. Victor’s entire family has been decimated, and he resolves to leave Geneva and the painful memories it holds forever. Victor continues his trek into the ice and snow of the North in response to these taunts. He encounters Walton there, where he recounts his tale.