The ambition to achieve high status is one of Iago’s most notable characteristics. He desires the position of lieutenant. It is the desire for the next post that drives Iago to conspire against Cassio. Why? Because he was given the title of lieutenant rather than Iago. The antagonist aims to discredit his opponent in the eyes of his bosses by falsely implying they are acquainted with Desdemona.
The theme of Othello, a Shakespearean drama, is the loyalty and treachery of friends. Iago is fully persuaded in Othello. Iago’s trust in Othello helps him with his deception. Because he is innocent, deceiving him isn’t difficult for Iago.
Iago, unlike Othello, is unscrupulous. He attempts to gain the opportunity of lieutenant by fraudulent means. Iago does not offer everything freely. Iago tries to show Othello how much he cares for his company. In truth, Iago is Othello’s adversary; he seeks to supplant him as lieutenant by fraudulent tactics.
To lead their business: in which regard,
Though I do hate him as I do hell-pains.
Yet, for necessity of present life,
I must show out a flag and sign of love,
Which is indeed but sign.
(Act 1, Scene 1)
Iago is a character with an intellect that combines shrewdness, cruelty, and incredible logic. He calculates every move in advance because he has such a personality type. He studied the natures of those people he dupes.
That’s what makes him such a good manipulator. Iago is egotistical, impolite, and ignorant; his depravity conquers all obstacles. He openly lies to Othello, who considers him a close friend, without hesitation.
Furthermore, each figure in this play tries to make sense of Iago’s words and actions. This character is depicted as a harmful individual. Iago himself, on the other hand, is fully conscious of his own egotism while pretending to be Othello’s buddy.
For when my outward action doth demonstrate
The native act and figure of my heart
In complement extern ’tis not long after
But I will wear my heart upon my sleeve
For daws to peck at: I am not what I am.
(Act 1, Scene 1)
Roderigo is described as a Venetian nobleman. He is from the upper class. Roderigo is an egotistical person who aspires to success and renown. Othello refused to recognize anyone above him, thus Iago’s hatred and jealousy turned into a destructive force for Roderigo.
It wasn’t enough for Iago to get retribution on Othello alone. On his travels, he continued to wish to advantage from Roderigo, remove Cassio from the route, and harm Desdemona.
Iago’s machinations result in the tragic conclusion of the story. Iago, as standard-bearer, covets the higher rank of lieutenant, which is held by Cassio. The character endeavors to damage Cassio’s reputation in Othello’s eyes.
Furthermore, Iago succeeds in creating the impression that Desdemona has betrayed him. All of Iago’s lies are eventually exposed. At the play’s end, Iago is unmasked for his treachery.
The only character who understands Iago’s real purpose is Roderigo. All along, Iago has been talking to Roderigo about how he hates the Moor (Othello) and how he serves him simply “to serve his turn upon him” (i.e. to wait for his chance to hit).
Also, Roderigo has been giving gifts to Iago in order for him to deliver them to Desdemona – something that Iago was never done before. As a result, not only does he keep those riches for himself, but he also no longer has a witness against him regarding his misdeeds.
Iago growls to himself as he thinks about Cassio, who in his mind is the individual who stands in the way of his fate. Iago desired to win back his promotion from Cassio, but it was more than simply a job title. Othello has a great deal of confidence and trust in Cassio.
Everyone appears to believe and respect Iago, referring to him as “honest Iago,” yet no one gives him honors or promotions. As a result, Iago vents his irritation by hating on Cassio. According to Iago, all of this glory should be his alone because Cassio is out of the picture.