In The Odyssey – Amphimedon, What Motivates Odysseus To Dress As A Beggar?

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There is one tiny detail that I believe hasn’t been addressed: the suitors’ mistreatment of the disguised beggar Odysseus adds to their slaughter at the hands of Odysseus.

In the Odyssey, Odysseus dresses as a beggar in order to avenge the suitors. Odysseus’ disguise allows him to learn people’s true feelings about him. It protects him from being murdered by his foes.

In the twenty years since Odysseus’ departure, Ithaca had changed dramatically. Some people clung to their king, while others lost faith in his return. In any case, Odysseus was returning to Ithaca dangerous. He didn’t know what alterations had taken place during his absence. As a result, Athena decided to conceal Odysseus’s identity.

With her assistance, he could discover who remained loyal to him and who the suitors were. The goddess transformed Odysseus into a beggar. He could converse with individuals without revealing his identity and plan his retaliation.

His personal slave, Eumaeus, was the first person he encountered. The stranger treated Odysseus respectfully and kindly, declaring that he despised the suitors. Eumaeus then accompanied disguised Odysseus to the palace, where Telemachus, Odysseus’ son, proposed that he stroll about the suitors asking for handouts. Antinous, however, the most conceited of the suitors jeered at and threw a stool at the beggar.

Penelope, like Odysseus disguised as a beggar, met him. Despite the fact that she did not immediately recognize her spouse in the mendicant, she was concerned about his identity.

She proposed a contest in which the person who could shoot with Odysseus’ great bow would become her husband. The following day, various individuals attempted to handle the bow but were unsuccessful. In disguise as a mendicant, Odysseus took up the bow and easily shot it. After this, he shed his mendicant attire and killed all of the suitors who had betrayed him.