When Odysseus at last returns home, he finds that many of his households have married and taken advantage of his absence to plunder his property in order to marry Penelope, who is becoming increasingly doubtful about Odysseus’s survival. If Odysseus enters immediately, he will be slain by the numerous suitors.
He contrives to impersonate an old man in order to calculate and plan out how to get rid of the suitors and show his genuine self to his wife in order to take control. Because he was a low-ranking government official, being a modest elder was excruciating since it caused him to feel inferior treatment from people around him due to his position.
Odysseus learns of humility in the story of Polyphemus. Odysseus considers himself to be above other humans since he has survived Troy and sided with the gods many times, which is why when he deceived the Cyclops Polyphemus.
He boasted that it was him, Odysseus, who had fooled him, which backfired as he was punished by Poseidon for Polyphemus’ father’s pride. We can see that when he claimed to be “Nobody” before attacking Polyphemus, he ultimately won; whereas hubris brought him only misery.
His metamorphosis. When Odysseus at last returns home, he discovers that several suitors have exploited his absence to attempt to wed his wife Penelope, who is growing doubtful of Odysseus’s survival. If Odysseus acts swiftly, he will be killed by the numerous suitors.
He disguises himself as an old man in order to compute and plan how to get rid of the suitors and reveal his genuine self to his wife in order to win the upper hand. This necessitated tremendous patience and humility because being a low-ranking elder male gave him a feeling of humiliation from the way others treated him.