Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein explores the nature versus nurture debate, which is a major topic in the book. Victor Frankenstein and his creation are both subjected to two distinct nurturing techniques, despite having an inherent nature that influences their personalities and way of life.
The creature’s creation is attributed to the nature argument, which is personified by light and fire. Victor Frankenstein’s fall is caused by the natural argument, represented by light and fire, while the monster’s origin is explained with reference to nurture.
Shelley makes this clear to her audience through her forceful writing style when she describes Victor Frankenstein and the monster in “Frankenstein.” Throughout the novel, light and fire are used as symbols for an intellectually stimulating yet physically hazardous force that supports the debate between nature vs. nurture.
In the book, Mary Shelley attempts to discover what makes Frankenstein’s monster so terrifying. Is the monster evil from birth or does he become a villain as a result of society and his creator?
Is the monster evil and bloodthirsty from the start, or does he become so after the creator’s betrayal? This is a question about whether someone has inborn qualities. How much do parenting methods, influence children? Mary Shelley’s essay appears to be this: was Frankenstein’s creature malevolent and bloodthirsty from the start, or did he develop as a result of creator abandonment?
The beast’s repulsive appearance drove Frankenstein and others away. The monster was motivated to feel unwanted as a result of the prejudice he faced. His heart became colder as a consequence of his actions.
You may notice in Frankenstein’s speech quotations an interest, compassion, and intellect that indicate how eager he was to help the family with whom he resided. He put his life on the line to save the girl from drowning but only earned terror and hatred in return.
The creature was abandoned like a newborn when Victor ran away. Victor was unable to look after his task since he didn’t understand this world’s customs. As a result, Victor’s experiment became a monster. When the creator destroyed the female he had created for him, Frankenstein became a monster.
Because of Victor’s desire to be God, a newborn human-like being who could not receive love or compassion because of society’s rules, he has brought suffering upon himself and others.