Odysseus kills the suitors who were attempting to marry his wife while he was gone, and upon his return to Ithaca, he does so. He believes that by eliminating the suitors, he will be able on taking back control of Ithaka; Athena aids him in this endeavor.
After fleeing Ithaca, Odysseus learns that his family has been taken over by a gang of young males known as “suitors.” They had attempted to marry Penelope, Odysseus’ wife, to one of them.
They invaded Odysseus’ home under the pretense of courting her, wasting his money on banquets, wine, and entertainment. He disguised himself as a beggar in order to return home. Athena’s aid and the help of his friends and son Telemachus allowed him to slaughter all the suitors.
In Homer’s epic, the slaughter of suitors is justified. Odysseus flees in disgrace because his servants and fellow citizens had disrespected him, his wife, and his home. Odysseus feels betrayed by those he had entrusted with his trust; he intends to seek retribution so that peace may be restored to his family. He wants to reclaim both his family and throne in this way.
Athena gives Odysseus her blessing before the killing. She assures him of victory and then joins the battle, where she receives a signal from Zeus’ support as he prays to him.
The slaughter is described by Homer as Odysseus’ blood sacrifice to the gods. Gratitude and recompense for his return and the safety of his wife and son are offered through it. The suitors represent lawlessness, savagery, and self-indulgence. Odysseus fights them to demonstrate his submission to the gods.
Odysseus’ actions were fully appropriate, everyone deserved what they got, and his punishments weren’t harsh. He went to get his power and reputation back by taking his revenge. Odysseus was within his rights in punishing anybody who defied him. He sailed away with the goal of murdering all of the suitors who were causing a ruckus at home and destroying it.