The Metamorphosis is a complex narrative with multiple layers of significance. It may be studied from a social, religious, and psychological perspective. The tale can be examined in different areas such as change and its various aspects.
Loneliness and estrangement are themes addressed in the novella. Kafka endured his entire life from it. Gregory’s metamorphosis has three phases: denial, acceptance, and decline. When Gregor finds out he’s turned into an insect, he refuses to believe it will have an impact on his existence. He then understands that he is a bug and embraces it, adopting all of their behaviors. Gregor withdraws from society at the fourth stage of his change and ceases to eat, dying as a result.
According to Freud, three members of Gregory’s family represent three parts of himself. The id, ego, and superego are the psychoanalyst’s terms for these components. His sister represents his id’s subliminal desires. The father plays the part of the superego who disciplines his id. Gregor’s mother is the ego. It strives to establish an equilibrium between two other aspects of selfhood. Because the ego is unable to solve the problem, it causes Gregor’s own destruction.
The narrative examines the protagonist’s connection with his family from a social perspective. His main objective after his conversion was to reconnect with his family. He wanted to acclimate to his new situation without becoming a burden.
His family rejected him, and Gregor became estranged. He died lacking the wherewithal to find his place in society. Metaphorically, Kafka suggests that Gregor was desirous of sacrificing himself for the sake of society’s approval. For the sake of societal approval, he would do it. This notion seems to have a religious connotation with respect to the idea of self-sacrifice.
The Metamorphosis is a dark, surreal fable with themes such as solitude, identity, compassion, and the ridiculous. While the narrative centers on a man who transforms into a huge insect at random, deeper analysis reveal that Kafka is concerned with the absurdity of life and humanity’s predicament.
The Metamorphosis is an allegory about humanity’s condition, according to the interpretation. The tale implies that humans have lost their humanity. In the Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka employs vermin, food, Mr. Samsa’s uniform, apple, his autobiography, and violin as symbols. Gregor is not transformed; instead, all of the Samsa family members are altered (except for Hana).
Grete was a member of the family who changed. She took care of Gregor for the first few weeks and left food for him, but then she transformed and began to despise him because the other relatives considered him a burden and useless. The family’s compassion for Gregor vanished.