Hamlet is held captive by his own beliefs and knowledge. He’s not calling for ethical relativism when he claims that “there is nothing either good or bad, but only our perceptions determine its value.”
The phrase scores Hamlet’s psychological and spiritual state. Hamlet is sad because his father died. He, like the country of Denmark, is physically and mentally limited as well. It’s due to Claudius seizing the throne and marrying his mother that tragedy has befallen Denmark. These two factors sum up the phrase’s significance.
To comprehend the analysis, the reader must first be aware of the situation. The statement is preceded by a conversation between Hamlet and his companions. Hamlet wants to know why Guildenstern and Rosencrantz were imprisoned. They inquire about which jail in question they should ask about.
When Hamlet refers to Denmark as the meaning of prison, he is referring to this country. When his pals respond, “Then the entire universe is imprisonment,” Hamlet agrees. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern disagree with him. Hamlet says that this jail was not intended for us, then adds: “This jail isn’t meant for us.” Then he delivers one of his most well-known thoughts on life.
Hamlet recognizes Denmark for what it is – a place. However, the political situation in his homeland saddens him. Personal tragedy has a damaging influence on him as well. Consider this: your father and one buddy have perished, while the fratricidal usurper took power. As a result, Hamlet can be interpreted as an illustration of melancholy relativism in this passage.
When Hamlet’s school pals Rosencrantz and Guildenstern show up at the palace, this is what happens. The King and Queen send them to gather information about Hamlet, but when they arrive, he goes berserk. In actuality, Hamlet talks to his friends in a riddle-like manner.
“It is a prison,” replies Rosencrantz. Hamlet answers, “We disagree, my lord.” Then Hamlet accuses him of “joking in a serious sense.’ Then he adds that it all happens inside one’s head and that he thinks it’s a jail. Here, while Hamlet was not being serious in the first sentence, he does seem to be implying that once his father died and his ghost appeared and his mother hurriedly married him, he feels completely trapped.