In Odyssey, the author frequently refers to hospitality. The significance of the welcome is stressed in several sections of the poem, although part 3 of the story offers the most vivid example.
In this poem, Homer addresses a number of contemporary Greek issues. Hospitality is one of them. The third section of the text, known as “Father and Son,” thoroughly examines the subject.
Xenia was a Greek term for the reception that they had an explanation for. The notion referred to residents having a duty to offer hospitality to their visitors, especially if their home was far away, thus establishing a friendship with them.
“Here is a poor man come, a wanderer,
driven by want to beg his bread, and everyone
in hall gave bits, to cram his bag—only
Antinous threw a stool, and banged his shoulder.
Suppose Athena’s arm is over us, and Zeus
her father’s, must I rack my brains for more?”
The play ends with these lines, in which Odysseus is disguised as a beggar. He tried to give his bread to the next beggar he saw, who was standing beside him.
People are frequently described as beggars for a variety of reasons. When people come to someone’s home, it is polite for everyone to offer them food so they can fill their stomachs. Food provision is an excellent example of Greek civilization’s generosity.
Nobody threw a stool at Antinous, who was the only exception. Odysseus explained that Greek people are kind and can offer anything to strangers in the name of friendship.
As a result, he provided the bread and instructed the older gentleman to eat it. Odysseus was shown such a manner as a generous man who did not merely kill someone but also fed him.
The lines show Odysseus in the role of a needy person who pretends to be a beggar and shares his bread with another poor man in an odd manner since he had to defeat him in order to obtain food. Instead of murdering the old guy, Odysseus offers him hospitality.
A poor person comes, a wanderer driven by hunger to beg for food, and everyone in the hall gives him bits to stuff his bag except Antinous, who throws a stool and bangs his shoulder. “Must I strain my brains any further?”
“The agony of the cruel belly can you hide? How many sorrowful days does it bring!” Odysseus simply shook his head while walking ahead of himself, then sat down again before dropping his weighted bag on the door sill.