Athena learns the tale of Aegisthus from Zeus. He wants to demonstrate that the gods do not have total control over people’s actions, and that justified vengeance is acceptable.
Clytemnestra was the queen of Agamemnon, the legendary Greek monarch known as Mycenae. Agamemnon was recognized throughout Greece for his leadership during the Trojan War. Aegisthus, Clytemnestra’s lover, agreed to kill her husband. The gods informed Aegisthus that he should not execute Agamemnon. The gods sent eagles as a portent of bad things to come, including the victim’s son seeking vengeance. Aegisthus disregarded all of these ominous omens and warnings .
Agamemnon was a great hero when he returned from the Trojan War. Aegisthus subsequently invited him to a banquet to commemorate his triumph. Agamemnon and his troops were summarily murdered by Aegisthus and Clytemnestra while they celebrated their victory. Orestes, at the age of three, was a little boy when his father died. The gods sent him a dream in which they warned him that her son would kill his disloyal mother.
Athena was in the jury in Athens, deciding Orestes’ fate, when he murdered his mother. However, what is Athena’s part in the tale? It turns out that Athena served on the jury at Athens, determining Orestes’ fate. She acquitted Orestes and ordered Furies to cease haunting him after hearing Zeus’s account.
In Greek mythology, Aegisthus was a lover of Clytemnestra and Thyestes’ son. Thyestes, who had a long-standing rivalry with his brother and ruler of Mycenae, Atreus, was advised by an oracle to have a son with his own daughter, Pelopia, who would then kill Atreus. As a consequence, Aegisthus was born. Because his mother was ashamed due to her father raping her, she abandoned the child to shepherds, and was later taken under the protection of Atreus, without knowing the child’s true identity.
Atreus sent Aegisthus to kill Thyestes with a sword that his mother had given him before she departed, and this sword revealed Aegisthus’ true identity to Thyestes. They both came up with a strategy against Atreus after seeing this blade. Aegisthus returned to his uncle and murdered him, taking the throne of Mycenae for himself and his father. Agamemnon and Menelaus, Atreus’ sons, were exiled to Sparta by their father where they married Clytemnestra and Helen, respectively, daughters of King Tyndareus.
Aegisthus deceived Clytemnestra into murdering Agamemnon after Helen’s abduction by Paris, and they subsequently killed him when he returned from Troy. He ruled over Mycenae for another eight years, but Orestes, the son of Agamemnon, avenged his father’s death by slaying him on the eighth year.