Three examples of dramatic irony in “The Cask of Amontillado” include:
- the carnival scene where Montresor fabricates a story about Amontillado wine. The reader knows that he is manipulating Fortunato, who is completely unaware of Montresor’s true intentions;
- when Montresor feigns concern for Fortunato’s health and suggests that they leave the vaults; and
when Montresor toasts to Fortunato’s long life.
- In each instance, Fortunato fails to recognize that Montresor is plotting his demise.
The reader knows that Montresor despises Fortunado, and he is enticing him into the catacombs for a dark purpose. In another example of situational irony, Fortunado is dressed in jester’s attire in the tale. He has come to celebrate the New Year with his friends.
Dramatic irony is present in the tale’s climax, as well. The entire narrative might be seen as an illustration of dramatic irony. This sort of irony is produced when the reader or audience knows something that one or more characters do not.
Edgar Allen Poe’s short tale “The Cask of Amontillado” is a gripping tale about betrayal and death. Poe focuses on Montresor, the protagonist, who has a strong hatred for Fortunato within the story. We don’t know why Montresor despises Fortunato, but we do know that he wants revenge, so he concocts a plan to kill him.
Fortunato is oblivious to his impending death, which is a lovely example of dramatic irony. Poe employs irony, language choice, place, and other elements of the narrative to establish the tone of “The Cask Of Amontillado.”
In “The Cask of Amontillado,” uncertainty is used to enhance the sense of dread and gloom in the tale. As Fortunado follows Montresor into the crypt, anxiety grows, and audiences are compelled to sit tight, waiting to see if poor Fortunato will be able on to survive or fall victim to his collaborator. I exclaimed: “See how it swells! It dangles like moss from the catacombs.”
“We are beneath the water’s floor. The droplets of moisture trickle between the bones. Come, let us flee before it is too late. Your cough—n” This passage adds to the uncertainty of the narrative because it gives Fortunato an opportunity to flee. Readers may wish that Fortunato accepts the offer and return safely to the surface.
Many instances of irony can be found in the Cask of Amontillado, a historical fiction short story written by Edgar Allan Poe. When Fortunato and Montresor are exploring the catacombs in search for the cask, a critical moment with dramatic irony occurs. As the two men make their way to the Amontillado, Fortunato asks about Montresor family history and has to be reminded of the Montresor family arms.