The dramatic convention’s main function in Act 1, Scene 2 is to introduce a crucial conflict. Claudius explains that he has married Hamlet’s widow. This leads to the protagonist’s most important inner conflicts, which influence the plot.
In Hamlet, Shakespeare introduces a dispute into the narrative in act 1, scene 2. Every play has two of them—one internal and one external—which help to generate drama. To introduce one of them to the audience, Shakespeare utilizes this dramatic device in Hamlet. King Claudius wants to marry Hamlet’s mother, who recently lost her husband after he was murdered by him.
The pivotal conflict in Hamlet is between Hamlet and Claudius, who are at odds with one another. This struggle will come to a successful conclusion near the play’s conclusion with Claudius’ death. Shakespeare uses a soliloquy in act 1, scene 2 to underscore the animosity between Hamlet and Claudius. It is an instance of speech where only the speaker is heard on stage without any reference to other characters.
Hamlet delivers his famous soliloquy alone in the throne room after King Claudius proposes to marry Queen Gertrude. Alone in the throne room, he delivers his famous speech. It reveals to the audience the main conflict of the play, which will trouble Hamlet:
O God! God!
How weary, stale, flat and unprofitable,
Seem to me all the uses of this world!
Fie on’t! ah fie! ’tis an unweeded garden,
That grows to seed; things rank and gross in nature
Possess it merely. That it should come to this!
(Act 1, Scene 2)
Hamlet expresses his despair at the death of his father, as well as his sadness at his mother’s hasty remarriage. With him learning of a ghost haunting the castle in Act 1, scene 2, the episode ends. It establishes Claudius’ guilt in Hamlet’s father’s murder.
He introduces a significant contradiction. In Act 1, Scene 2, Claudius informs the audience that he has married Hamlet’s widow, with this being a major dispute in the play since he then eventually slays Hamlet’s widow, now his wife, and that leads to his own death.